Elements used in radioactive dating
Carbon-14 dating has been used successfully on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Minoan ruins and tombs of the pharaohs among other things. The half-life of carbon-14 is approximately 5,730 years. dinosaurs the evolution alleges lived millions of years ago.
Levels of carbon-14 become difficult to measure and compare after about 50,000 years (between 8 and 9 half lives; where 1% of the original carbon-14 would remain undecayed).
This technique is widely used on recent artifacts, but educators and students alike should note that this technique will not work on older fossils (like those of the dinosaurs alleged to be millions of years old).
This technique is not restricted to bones; it can also be used on cloth, wood and plant fibers.
The results showed that Ötzi died over 5000 years ago, sometime between 33 BC. Uranium has a very long half-life and so by measuring how much uranium is left in a rock its approximate age can be worked out.
Carbon dating is used to determine the age of biological artifacts up to 50,000 years old.
Yet few people know how radiometric dating works or bother to ask what assumptions drive the conclusions.
After all, textbooks, media, and museums glibly present ages of millions of years as fact.
This rules out carbon dating for most aquatic organisms, because they often obtain at least some of their carbon from dissolved carbonate rock.
The age of the carbon in the rock is different from that of the carbon in the air and makes carbon dating data for those organisms inaccurate under the assumptions normally used for carbon dating.
Each atom is understood to be made up of three basic parts.
The nucleus contains protons (tiny particles each with a single positive electric charge) and neutrons (particles without any electric charge).